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Table 1 Selected list of established filamentous fungal cell factories and their products. (Modified after [13])

From: Growing a circular economy with fungal biotechnology: a white paper

Filamentous fungus Important Product(s)
Acremonium chrysogenum β-lactam antibiotics (cephalosporins)
Aspergillus niger Enzymes (glucoamylase, proteases, phytases, glucose oxidase)
Organic acids (citric acid, gluconic acid)
Aspergillus oryzae Enzymes (amylases)
Aspergillus terreus Enzymes (xylanases)
Organic acids (itaconic acid)
Secondary metabolites (lovastatin)
Blakeslea trispora Vitamins (β-carotene)
Fusarium venenatum Mycoprotein as meat alternative
Ganoderma lucidum Composite materials (packaging material, construction material)
Imitation leather
Mortierella alpina Polyunsaturated fatty acids used as food additives
Mucor circinelloides Polyunsaturated fatty acids used as food additives
Penicillium brevicompactum Mycophenolic acid
Penicillium camemberti Cheese production
Penicillium chrysogenum β-lactam antibiotics (penicillins)
Enzymes (glucose oxidase)
Penicillium nalgiovense Mould-fermented salami
Penicillium roqueforti Cheese production
Penicillium solitum Mevastatin
Pleurotus ostreatus Food
Composite materials (packaging material, construction material)
Rhizopus oligosporus Tempeh production
Thermothelomyces thermophilus Enzymes (cellulases, phytases, laccases)
Trichoderma reesei Enzymes (cellulases, hemicellulases)
Umbelopsis isabellina Polyunsaturated fatty acids used as biodiesel